CO2formare
 

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Monitoring visit to check the status of the works in the project LIFE CO2 Formare



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About CO2FORMARE

LIFE Project 13/ENV/ES/000426

AN INNOVATIVE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY SOLUTION TO PREVENT THE FORMATION OF MACROFOULING IN THE COOLING CIRCUITS OF  COMBINED CYCLE PLANTS

Led by Iberdrola, the project involves a consortium of seven companies and aims to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative and environmentally friendly solution to remedy the formation of macrofouling in the cooling circuits of combined cycle power plants.

The CO2FORMARE project is an European project funded by the LIFE + Programme (LIFE 13/ENV/ES/000426). The project takes place at the Iberdrola’s combined cycle power plant Castellon IV. It began in June 2014 and it will be completed in November 2017.

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What is macrofouling?

Biofouling is the process of contamination that leads to deterioration and degradation of equipment, components or systems, caused by the uncontrolled growth of living organisms on its surface. When this phenomenon is produced by large organisms such as mussels, clams, polychaeta sabellydae, barnacles, etc., then receives the name of called macrofouling.

NAME USE OF CO2 AS A SUBSTITUTE OF CHLORINE-BASED CHEMICALS USED IN O&M INDUSTRIALPROCESSES FOR MACROFOULING REMEDIATION
ACRONYM CO2FORMARE
LOCATION Combined Cycle Plant in Castellón.
Polígono industrial el Serrallo s/n Castellón
BUDGET 4.064.144 €
COFINANCING LIFE+ Programme, Call 2013 LIFE 13/ENV/ES/000426
GRANT 1.953.422 €
PARTNERS Coordinating Beneficiary:
Iberdrola Generación S.A. – www.iberdrola.es
Address: Plaza de Euskadi nº5 48009 Bilbao (Vizcaya) España.
Associated Beneficiaries:
Iberdrola Ingeniería y Construcción – www.iberdrolaingenieria.com
IDESA Fabricación – www.idesa.net
NALCO Española – sp-eu.nalco.com/eu/
OX-CTA – www.grupoox.com
CETAQUA – www.cetaqua.com
Energy Cluster of the Región of Valencia – www.clusterenergiacv.com

CO2FORMARE

TO WHOM IS IT ADDRESSED?

  • Local authorities
  • Regional governments
  • Other autonomous governments of Spain and EU member countries
  • Ministries of Europe.

Companies that collaborate in the project and those related to industries in which the problem of macrofouling as a result of cooling (energy production plants, oil and gas industries, etc.) occurs.

Technology centers related to the technologies involved: energy, chemicals, environmental… always stressing the importance of using non-aggressive mechanisms that mitigate the impact on the ecosystem.

The project spreads to regional – national – European and motivator towards integration with the environment of industrial activity in general and power generation in particular.

CO2FORMARE

HOW IS IT HELD ?

como_se_lleva_a_cabo

To carry out this project, the CO2 emitted as a result of the combustion of natural gas in combined cycle plant in Castellón will be captured by a novel adsorption – desorption technology using zeolites called SMART COx.

The new methodology increases the efficiency of the process significantly. Once CO2 has dissolved in the circulation of water to obtain the imagined biocidal effects, it is expected that macrofouling can be combated effectively.

Thus, not only the use of chlorine compounds would be avoided, but CO2 would not be released into the atmosphere. This Life + project also includes the development of automatic detection equipment larval presence and optimizing storage systems and dissolution of CO2 in water.

According to initial estimation, in a combined cycle plant of 400 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity, up to 50.000 tonnes of CO2 per year could be used for this purpose, so the rate of emission of thermal plants to the atmosphere could be reduced significantly.

Information about Project

Applied methodology

Applied methodology

CO2FORMARE

CO2FORMARE

Etapas

Etapas

LIFE+

LIFE+

Applied methodology

Applied methodology

Biofouling is known, generally, as a undesired accumulation of organic materials, essentially microbiological, that attach and grow up in submerged artificial surfaces in river water, reservoir or sea. This causes economic and energy losses and it can cause a significant decrease in performance and a shortening of operating period for which they were designed.

macrofoulingWhen this phenomenon is caused by large sized organisms such as mussels, clams, barnacles, etc., it is known as macrofouling.

The general objective is to try to eliminate the undesirable phenomenon of macrofouling. The generalized method of use of chlorine and its derivatives, as sodium hypochlorite, is used to eliminate macrofouling. However, the use of these compounds poses problems related to discharge of residual chlorine in the waters concerned.

True to its commitment to research and innovation, as well as to mitigating the environmental impact of its activity, Iberdrola has spent years studying the best way to tackle this issue and posible ways to control and eliminate this phenomenon, through Works such as the Study on the Control of Macrofouling in Cooling Systems (2005-2009) at the Castellón Power Plant; Sustainable uses of CO2 SOST-CO2 (2008-2011) in Castellón and Castejón; and Monitoring the incidence of zebra mussels at the Castejón Power Plant (Navarra) (2009-2012).

The result of these studies has made it possible to identify the necessary conditions of macrofouling control. This macrofouling is produced in cooling systems at combined power plants cooled by seawater. It has also allowed the possibility of using CO2 to decelerate the macrofouling development, estimating the required amount of CO2.

CO2FORMARE

CO2FORMARE

It has been formed a consortium made up of 7 companies for the realization of the Project: Iberdrola Generación (acts as leader and coordinator of the consortium), Iberdrola Ingeniería y Construcción, OX-CTA, Nalco Española, Idesa Fabricación, Cetaqua and the Energy Cluster of the región of Valencia).

The main objective of the Project is to develop a process that allows the use of CO2 present in the resulting gases from the combustión of natural gas during normal operation in a combined cycle plant for prevention and control of macrofouling produced at the cooling systems. In this way, it is avoided the use of derived compounds from chlorine while avoiding CO2 emissions into atmosphere.

CO2 dissolved in the seawater used in the cooling system will bring about a reduction in the pH to levels that prevent the growth of the larval species that cause macrofouling.

Etapas

Etapas

Durante su desarrollo, que tendrá lugar en la Central de Ciclo Combinado de Castellón IV propiedad de Iberdrola entre Junio de 2014 y Noviembre de 2017, se ejecutarán las diferentes fases del proyecto englobadas en dos grandes bloques.

Por un lado, la parte industrial analizará tres etapas: extracción y posterior concentración del CO2, su almacenaje y, por último, su disolución en la corriente de agua marina que circulará por el circuito de refrigeración. Todos los trabajos irán encaminados a comprobar la viabilidad de diferentes técnicas para realizar estos procesos, identificando las más eficientes y validando su incorporación al proceso.

Paralelamente se desarrollará la parte biológica, consistente en la detección, identificación y recuento de las especies macrófitas en estado larvario, así como el efecto de la utilización del CO2 como biocida, monitorizando la fijación de las larvas en las superficies afectadas y el posible efecto corrosivo en las estructuras de acero de involucradas.

LIFE+

LIFE+

The demo nature of the LIFE+ CO2FORMARE Project offers an innovative solution at European level for the power generation industry – a highly important sector undergoing a continuous improvement process and the implementation of technical innovations.

Worth a mention is the fact that it uses only corrective technology, chlorinated products being the most effective médium used to tackle macrofouling (whether in fresh or salt water) with their subsequent impact on the water.

LIFE+ CO2FORMARE Project aims to prevent before correction will be necessary. This aspect is particularly important both for the economic saving they represent and the environmental advantage that is achieved.

The innovative technology that will be validated by the Project can be applied to other fields in which CO2 can act as a reagent with acid properties to control the pH in water treatment plants to control coagulation, in wastewater treatment plant to control alkalinity, to control the level of CO2 in processes linked to microalgae, etc.

The demonstrative nature of the Project is essential, highlighting the breakthrough and innovative activities that introduces. Its success will allow developed techniques be easily replicated at European level in order to achieve an implementation, not only in the energy field, but also in any industry with similar problems.

Ultimately, CO2FORMARE Project seeks to address a common problema in many industrial sectors through a solution that contributes the elimination of the use of contaminanted compounds such as sodium hypochlorite and to find an innovative use for the CO2 obtained during the electricity generation process. The opportunity to combine both aspects has been recognized by the LIFE+ programme from the European Commission which entity has co-financed the Project.

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Communications activities for stakeholders have been planned throughout the project, including information panels and the development of a periodic newsletter of the project will be distributed to interested parties.

Privacidad. En cumplimiento de la Ley 15/1999 se le informa que los datos aquí recabados, con fines informativos sobre el proyecto CO2FORMARE, se incorporan al fichero de Cluster de Energía de la Comunidad Valenciana, pudiendo comunicarlos a terceros para idénticos fines. Cluster de Energía de la Comunidad Valenciana, como destinataria y responsable del fichero, se obliga a adoptar las medidas de seguridad oportunas. El suministro de los datos será necesario para poder llevar a cabo los servicios solicitados. Los derechos de acceso, cancelación, rectificación y oposición podrán ejercitarse en C/Juan de la Cierva 24, 46980 Paterna (Valencia) o a través del correo electrónico info@co2formare.eu

PARTICIPATING COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS

 

IberdrolaIberdrola Ingeniería y ConstrucciónCluster de la Energía
CETAQUA Centro Tecnológico del AguaIDEFABNALCOOX CTA

AN INNOVATIVE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY SOLUTION TO REDRESS MACROFOULING FORMATION IN COOLING CIRCUITS OF COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANTS

WHAT HAVE WE ACHIEVED?

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News

Monitoring visit to check the status of the works in the project LIFE CO2 Formare

Monitoring visit to check the status of the works in the project LIFE CO2 Formare

Sep 21 2017

Yesterday a visit took place to verify the state of the development work and in particular the installation of the various secondary…

LIFE CO2 Formare presented to European Clusters

LIFE CO2 Formare presented to European Clusters

Sep 18 2017

The LIFE CO2 Formare project was presented to the European clusters that gathered at the event in Thessaloniki, Greece this past September 12 and 13, 2017.

The Newspaper ‘Mediterráneo’ echoes the progress of the LIFE CO2 Formare projec

The Newspaper ‘Mediterráneo’ echoes the progress of the LIFE CO2 Formare projec

Jul 19 2017

The LIFE CO2 Formare project continues to progress in its installation and connection of vital components in the overall installation. This is…

LIFE CO2 Formare installs the CO2 storage tank and the gas conditioning module

LIFE CO2 Formare installs the CO2 storage tank and the gas conditioning module

Jul 12 2017

The LIFE CO2 Formare project continues to make significant progress in its final stretch. This time it has been the turn of…


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    Location

     IBERDROLA COMBINED CYCLE PLANT at Castellón

    Contact

    We will be glad to inform you about the project.

    Privacidad. En cumplimiento de la Ley 15/1999 se le informa que los datos aquí recabados, con fines informativos sobre el proyecto CO2FORMARE, se incorporan al fichero de Cluster de Energía de la Comunidad Valenciana, pudiendo comunicarlos a terceros para idénticos fines. Cluster de Energía de la Comunidad Valenciana, como destinataria y responsable del fichero, se obliga a adoptar las medidas de seguridad oportunas. El suministro de los datos será necesario para poder llevar a cabo los servicios solicitados. Los derechos de acceso, cancelación, rectificación y oposición podrán ejercitarse en C/Juan de la Cierva 24, 46980 Paterna (Valencia) o a través del correo electrónico info@co2formare.eu