Resultados y beneficios obtenidos del proyecto
Once the CO2Formare project has been completed, the final tests and verifications have been carried out, and the results obtained have been assessed. We can list the main innovations generated as a result of the development of the CO2FORMARE project:
- New technologies to combat the phenomenon of macroufouling in power generation plants: Up to now, the main technologies to combat macrofouling have been based on corrective approaches. Basically, these technologies are implemented after the existence of proliferation of macrophytes within industrial facilities. The solutions such as the dosage of chlorinated products in different periods (3 times / year for 30 days in CCGT of Castellón) entail severe economic costs and an important environmental impact. In this sense, the “preventive” concept on which the project is based, allows combating macroufouling from an early larval stage, avoiding the implantation, growth and proliferation of organisms.
- Innovations in water acidification techniques: The most used technologies to date for this type of processes, are based on the application of treatments based on chemical oxidants (chemical compounds of chlorine, bromine, ozone and others) with various levels of efficiency ( corrective approach) that share the common problem of the negative impact on the environment. Specifically, water quality is clearly impoverished. Thanks to the CO2FORMARE project, it has been demonstrated that strategies based on the dosing of CO2 in water streams are a technically viable alternative due to their high efficiency from the point of view of the reduction of the pH level in comparison to the oxidative treatments. In addition, its environmental impact is negligible.
- Technological innovations:
- Automatic Detection System Larvae capable of activating the dosage of CO2 to carry out the reduction of pH when larvae are detected in the circulation conduits.
- CO2 extraction and capture system: SMARTCOx technology has replaced the initial WES-based approach. This project has allowed to validate at prototype scale, this a new technology developed in a previous R & D project, under real working conditions and for a specific industrial application type.
- System of diffusion and injection of CO2 with a substantial degree of efficiency, allowing to reduce the pH of the water flow in short periods of time to avoid the fixation of the mussels to the surfaces of the ducts.
- Storage system capable of conserving, under ideal thermodynamic conditions, CO2 in a liquid state, for its subsequent evaporation and injection.
Finally, it is necessary to emphasize that the resources dedicated to satisfying the problem of macrofouling have increased significantly thanks to the financing granted by the European Union within the framework of the LIFE Program13. In fact, European funding has allowed the scope of the project to be extended, to test the technologies developed within the demanding working conditions of a real industrial plant. Thanks to the LIFE Program, the project has been sustained on the basis of a strong and balanced consortium that has extensive experience in the development of technological solutions to meet environmental problems, such as the one addressed by the CO2FORMARE project.
In order to evaluate the impact of the CO2FORMARE project, the following indicators have been analyze:
- Number of people influenced in the project: A direct influence has been quantified to 29,445 people during the 3.5 years of project life and it is expected to increase the value to 60,000 people after three years of project life.
- Amount of sodium hypochlorite avoided: A reduction of 20% in the use of hypochlorite was initially estimated. After the completion of the project, there has not yet been a direct and continued reduction of the sodium hypochlorite used in the plant. However, after more exhaustive technical-economic analysis, it could be possible to reduce 100% of the quantified hypochlorite by 300 tons / year or 300,000 kg / year.
- Amount of CO2 (kg) not emitted into the atmosphere: Based on the estimated final impact after project completion 0.0002 kg CO2 / kWh (Conversion of 50,000 tn CO2 / year to kg CO2 / kWh), the actual final impact was approximately 5,250 tons CO2 / year. With optimizations of the developed technology (already identified in the deliverables of the project), it could reach the initially estimated levels of 50,000 tn CO2 / year.
- Large companies influenced: Directly the project has involved the involvement of 5 large companies: Iberdrola, Idesa, Nalco, Air Liquide and Suez.
- Number of authorities influenced: The project has had the involvement of the Diputación de Valencia, the Climate-KIC, the Universitat Jaume I and the Ministry of the Environment
- Impact of dissemination and communication activities: A number of visits of 29,445 have been quantified to the project website; it has been generated in a total of 51 publications throughout the life of the project; It has participated in a total of 17 events throughout the life of the project; There have been 44 entries on websites and 4 Newsletters; more than 400 photos, 6 videos and 2 radio clips have been generated; more than 400 photos, 6 videos and 2 radio clips have been generated; There have been 17 posters, boards and information panels and several networking and presentation of the project have been held, reaching an audience of over 500 professionals.
- Impact on training and education actions: The participation of the order of 80 assistants in the development of the training days at the University of Alicante and the Universitat Jaume I.
- Creation of employment: The project has generated an amount proportional to 4 FTE in the partners CECV (2), NALCO (1) and OX-CTA (1). In addition, it is expected to increase the figure to 10 FTE after three years from the end of the project.
- Operating and maintenance costs of € 600,000 have been estimated at the end of the project (approximately 15% of the total cost of project development). In the next 3 years, extrapolating the costs of O & M, would come out an accumulated figure of € 1,800,000, but taking into account that improvements / optimizations can be obtained, the figure is estimated at € 1,500,000.
- The replication of the project has been planned in 6 industrial plants in the next three years. The estimated costs of replication in these 6 Plants (1 Iberdrola plant in Brazil, 2 in Mexico, 1 in UK, 2 in Spain) will be of the order of € 4,800,000, after estimating that the unit cost per plant is € 800,000 .